Understanding Scholastic Philosophy
Western philosophy of the middle ages (476-1492) can be said to be a "dark century" because it is based on the approach of church history, at that time the actions of the church were very shackling human life, so that humans no longer have the freedom to develop their potential. All the results of human thought are monitored by the church and if there are thoughts that are contrary to the teachings of the church, then the person who put it forward will receive severe punishment. Medieval period is divided into 2 (two) periods, namely the Patristic period and the Scholastic period.
Basically until the middle of the 12th century Western people had never known the philosophy of Aristotle as a whole. It was Islam's scholasticism that brought about the development of philosophy in the West, mainly thanks to the writings of Islamic thought scholars such as Ibn Rushd. The role of Islamic thinkers is enormous, not only in philosophical thinking, but also makes a small contribution to the European nation, namely in the field of science. But after these Islamic ideas entered Europe, many philosophical books and the role of Islamic thought experts on Western progress and civilization were deliberately hidden because they (the West) did not openly admit the services of Islamic thought experts in delivering Western moderation.
Scholastic philosophy found its heyday when Thomas Aquinas became its main philosopher. Scholastic philosophy was developed in monastic and diocesan schools. Scholastic philosophers do not separate philosophy from Christian theology.