The thoughts of muhammad iqbal and muhammad abduh
A. Muhammad Iqbal, also known as Allama Iqbal, was a great poet, politician, and philosopher of the 20th century. He is considered one of the most important figures in Urdu literature, with literary works written both in Urdu and Persian.
Born: November 9, 1877, Sialkot, Pakistan
Died: April 21, 1938, Lahore, Pakistan Important Idea: Two-State Theory
Education: Ludwig Maximilians University (1907-1908), Trinity College (1905-1906), others
Poetry: Lab Pe Aati Hai Dua, Message from the East, Iblees Ki Majlis-e-Shura, others.
Muhammad Iqbal's thoughts
1. He combines kalam, tasawwuf, philosophy, social science and literature in his thinking, as a framework for understanding Islamic teachings.
2. In understanding the condition of Muslims and the development of their thinking, it does not separate philosophy and theology from the socio-cultural problems faced by Muslims.
3. His brightest thoughts are mostly expressed in beautiful and evocative poetry.
B. Muhammad Abduh is a Muslim thinker from Egypt, and one of the initiators of the Islamic modernism movement.
Born: 1849, Shubra Khit, Egypt
Died: July 11, 1905, Alexandria, Egypt
Parents: Abduh bin Hasan Khairullah Education: Al-Azhar University
Muhammad Abduh with his thoughts trying to improve the thoughts that have been there, the previous. Errors do not lie in the thoughts that already exist, but lies in the perspective of the understanding made of these thoughts, can not be separated from the old-fashioned views, taqkid, and do not develop in accordance with the demands of the times. Muhammad Abduh used various methods and ways to combat this, among others by fighting hard public opinion and community stagnation through literary approaches, linguistic discussions, so that people understood and understood the sentences and meaning of words implied from a thought . Sometimes by going through a more moderate approach, fostering the community to be more understanding and understanding, and apart from the stunt.