International Conference on Contemporary Perspectives of Social Science, Humanities, and Education, Dar El-Diafa, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt, 24-26 April 2018
"The Unity of Moderate Moslems and Deradicalization Process in Indonesia"
By: Dr. Miftahur Rahman, Yulis Susilawaty, M.Sc, Jeanne Francoise
This paper, that would be presented in International Conference on Contemporary Perspectives of Social Science, Humanities, and Education, Dar El-Diafa, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt, 24-26 April 2018, begins with an understanding of Radicalism itself that is linked to the history of Islam, the history of human rights, and the actual issues that have occurred in the Middle East.
The paper has an initial hypothesis that religious-based radicalism can only be terminated through the concept of the unity of moderate people, for example if the Radicalism is using Islam, so that the moderate moslems must be united to counter the radicalists. Therefore, this paper will be analyzed through primary data from peaceful verses of the Qur'an. To answer the religion-based thought, this paper is using the theory of Religious as Mobilization. In conclusion later, the speakers will speak about Deradicalization strategy to be implemented in Indonesia based on the spirit of moderate moslems in Indonesia. Deradicalization strategy is part of Indonesian national defense system since Bali Bombing 2002.
Although officials had detected the links of terrorism, the action was happening again in the beginning of 2015 with Thamrin Bomb. The involvement of civilians to end terrorism link is regarded as important as officials and police officers, because the actors of bombing are civilians, and sometimes they had targeted police buildings. In principle, the unity of moderate people is regarded as the weapon to counter radicalists, especially if the moderate people are coming from the civilians, scholar, academicians, and other important sectors, because they can influence young generation to abort all radical ideology and can participate in national defense system itself to end radicalism thought in Indonesia.
Keywords: moderate moslems, moderate people, radical ideology, national defense system, terrorism, Indonesia
Notes: Full paper will be published by Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt