First International Conference of Capacity and Impact of Cyberspace in Promoting Religious Education, October 19-20, 2017 in Al-Mustafa Open University, Iran
"Promoting Islam in Cyberspace Based on Modern Islamic Thoughts of Syeikh Muhammad Abduh: Indonesian Perspective"
Jeanne Francoise, I Wayan Midhio, Triyoga Budi Prasetyo
Indonesia Defense University
This paper, that will be presented in the First International Conference of Capacity and Impact of Cyberspace in Promoting Religious Education, October 19-20, 2017 in Al-Mustafa Open University, Iran, has an hypotesis that Islam is the great religion that could give the solid foundation for human being among modernism ideas and to describe the Cyberspace that is always giving a good benefit to the moslem life and their surroundings in the digital or Internet time. This view had been analyzed on the ideas of Syeikh Muhammad Abduh, a great muslim scholar, revolutionary fatwa maker, and also a great ulama in Egypt.
To analyze the ideas of Abduh, this paper use qualitative method with the combination of sources from academic journals, books, and news about how moslem people nowadays can absorb the highlight ideas of Islam in Cyberspace based on Abduh's modern islamic thoughts. On the analysis part, this paper will write the short biography and the ideas of Abduh, especially his concept of "one ummah", the definition of Cyberspace based on Al-Quran and Hadist. Besides, this paper will relate those modern islamic thoughts of Abduh with the condition of Indonesian moslems nowadays, based on current statistics and surveys, to value how much is Indonesian moslems think about Cyberspace in the digital or Internet time.
This paper is hoped to spread ideas that Islam is a good religion that can be promoted with Cyberspace, eventhough at the same time, moslem people have to do jihadto defend their tauhid. Besides, this paper is also hoped to be a new perspective to the concept of Cyberspace in the mind of western philosophy based on UN SDGs Agenda, so that in the UN General Assembly, the honorable delegations could think about Islamic values within their policies about Cyberspace in the digital or Internet time.
Keywords: Abduh, Cyberspace, Internet, fatwa, modernism, Indonesia