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Juliana Panjaitan
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The New Vocabulary During Pandemic Covid-19

14 Agustus 2020   17:55 Diperbarui: 14 Agustus 2020   18:29 72 0 0 Mohon Tunggu...

Penulis : Zuliana, Mahasiswa FITK, Jurusan Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris, Universitas Islam Negeri Sumatera Utara, Medan

Sumber: infeksiemerging.kemkes
What are Coronavirus ?
Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that cause disease in humans and animals.  In humans, it usually causes respiratory tract infections, from the common cold to serious diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS).  A new type of Coronavirus that was discovered in humans since the outbreak emerged in Wuhan China, in December 2019, was then named Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-COV2), and causes Coronavirus Disease-2019 (COVID-19).
The impact of COVID 19 is one of which has raising new vocabulary

What is vocabulary?
Phoneme is the smallest language unit.  From combining several phoneme will form a word that has meaning or meaning.  The word represents  elements in the formation of a sentence.  A collection of words owned by  a person in a particular language is called vocabulary.  As revealed in, namely:
vocabulary is a set of words known by someone or other entities, or are part of a  particular language.  Vocabulary a person is defined as the set of all words that are
understood by the person or all possible words will be used by that person to
compose a new sentence.
Some of the vocabulary that appeared during covid 19:

1. Outbreak

If translated, an outbreak means an outbreak or an extraordinary event.  This term is often used as the title of articles in English and the content of articles that discuss the outbreak of Covid-19.  Example of sentences:
King's Cross Hospital in Dundee has set up a drive-through testing center in the wake of the coronavirus outbreak.

2. Death toll

Apart from victim, the English term for a victim in a disaster is death toll.  Example of sentences:
The death toll of coronavirus has topped 10,000, with more than 244,500 confirmed cases, according to the Johns Hopkins University data dashboard.

3. Fatality

Similar to death toll, the term fatality is often used to inform the number of deaths from a disaster, accident, war, or disease.  Example of sentences:
Wuhan study offers new insight into fatality rate of coronavirus.

4. Droplets

You already know that Covid-19 is spread by splashing water when you cough or sneeze?  Well, these water splashes in English are called droplets.  Example of sentences:
Covid-19 can be spread in tiny droplets released from the nose and mouth of an infected person as they cough.

5. Mass testing

Instead of carrying out a lockdown to suppress the spread of the corona virus, the Indonesian government plans to carry out a mass test of Covid-19 in the near future.  The English term for this mass test is mass testing or some are calling it rapid testing.  Example of sentences:
The Department of Health said mass testing of Filipinos for the Covid-19 is unnecessary for the meantime.

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