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Aufklarung Era

3 Desember 2019   22:16 Diperbarui: 3 Desember 2019   22:32 0 0 0 Mohon Tunggu...

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in the 18th century in Germany it was called the aufklarung era, or the age of enlightenment where an intelligent thinker who tried to solve the problem of rationalism and empiricism, so that the epiphany could be defined as a new stage or process of emancipation that began from the time of rennaisance to reform. by opposing church dogma and popular superstition, the weapons are scientific facts, and rational methods.

Enlightenment in Germany (Immanuel Kant)
In general the Enlightenment in Germany was not so hostile towards Christianity although others also opposed the basics of faith based on revelation, and also replaced it with religion based on pantheistic feelings, but everything went without "war".
Central to attention in Germany is ethics.
The pioneers who denied were Samuel Pufendorff (1632-1694), Christian Thomasius (1655-1728). But the real leader in philosophy is Christian Wolff (1679-1754). 5
He strives for philosophy to become a sure and useful science, by working for the existence of clear understandings with strong evidence.

Enlightenment in England
In England the philosophy of the Enlightenment was advanced by thinkers of various faiths. Most experts think that one person is freer than the others, except of course some main schools.
One of the symptoms of Enlightenment in England is what is called Deism, a school of philosophy in English in the 18th century, which combines with Eduard Herbert's ideas which can be called the foundation of natural religious teachings.

Enlightenment in France
In the 18th century philosophy in France drew its ideas from England. The pioneers of philosophy in France themselves (Descartes, etc.) had been forgotten and no longer appreciated. Now their teachers were Locke and Newton.


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